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KASHMIR SHAKTA VIMARSHA
Pandit Jagannath Siboo
Translated by Dr Chaman Lal Raina
Kashmir as referred to in the Nilamata Purana, is the cradle of Shiva and Shakti doctrines of thought, associated with the popular religion of the Kashmiri Pandits.
Like the Vedas, the Agamas are based on the true knowledge imparted by Shiva Himself. Parama Shiva is said to be the originator of these two streams of 'Para Vidya'-- transcendental knowledge.
Shaiva and Shakta are the two prevailing streams of the Kashmir Agama Shastras. The great Acharyas of the Agamas have made every effort to awaken the dormant "Samvit-Shakti" for the spiritual evolution of the Sadhakas/aspirants of the Truth.
The scripture says:
"Samideva Hi Bhagawati Vasu-Upagame Karanam"
Bhagavati' is verily,the 'Samvit Shakti', in recognizing the cause of the material existence. Rishis, being the Mantra Drishta--revered as seers have visualized the different aspects of divinity. They are said to be the Yogis,because of their intuitive knowledge.
"Na Shivah Shaktir-Rahito Na Shaktir-Vyetir-Ekani''.
It declares that Shiva is not separated from Shakti,and Shakti is not isolated from Shiva. Both of them are the twin facets of "Anaginibhaava", which is reciprocal relationship of all the limbs. The limbs here mean the Devatas and Devis, which are being adored aa "Trikoti Devatas" at the Hari-Parbat, where Shri Chakreshwara is the presiding Devata, and Shri Sharika is the Universal Mother in the whole hillock. The true picture of "Ardhanarishwara"--- Ishwara is half male and half female can be visualized in the Svayambhu form of the Chakreshwara.
"Trikona Rupini Shakti Bindu Roopadhara Shivah
Shakti is triangular in form.Shiva is the Bindu at the Center of the triangle. Both the Bindu and the Trikona are interdependent. It is therefore, revered as the "Avinabhava' -a necessary connection, which can never be separated. In essence the reality is to see the Bindu and Trikona as One.
"Shiva Shakti Eka Ruupini'.
The only thin line between Shiva and Shakti is drawn by the temperament of the aspirants. Shiva occupies the main place in the Shaiva school of devotion, similarly Shakti is main Deity within the Shakta doctrine of Shaktas. The "Ishta Devi" concept within Kashmiri pandits is mandotary to maintainthe Shakti tradition and to propitiate them, according to their lineage in every Puja. Rashtradhipati Bhairave is related to the jurisdiction of the Puja for every Kashmiri Pandit family. Both are invoked at the offering of Naivedya during "Prepyun" --a peculiar Kashmiri way of offerings to the Devatas on every religious occasion,including birthday Puja, Pan- diyun, Shiva Ratri Puja, Nava durga Puja or Satya Narayan puja etc.
The tradition of reciting the 'Bahuroopa Garbha' is still practised during the Homas/Yajnas, at the personal or the community level Homas. It has the efficacy of removing all the bad omens, irregularities, mishaps, shortcomings during Havans/Yajnas.
Yagarambhe Cha Yagante Pathitavyam Prayatnatah
The Stotram/laudation dedicated to the Svachhanda Shiva should be recited before and after of the Yajnas. It makes the Yajnas complete and whole.We are really very fortunate to have all the manifestations of Shri Sharika, in the form of Shri Tripurasundari,Shri Rajinya,Shri Jwala,Shri Bhadrakaki, Shri Jyestha, Shri Shailaputri, Shri Bhadrakaki, Shri Mahakali etc, in Kashmir. These are of course, our Ishta Devis, related to our Gotra system.
Pandit J.N. Siboo (1919--2001), served as a senior teacher. Later, promoted as Head Deptt of Sanskrit & Hindi,Govrnment Oriental College,Srinagar. Authored "Jyestha Pradurbhava" in Sanskrit with Hindi translation. He authored a series on Kashmir Shaivism, published in MADHYMA-PATRIKA Hindi Journal. Before migration to Mumbai, he was associated with the Shri Roopa Bhavani Sharda Peeth Research institute, where he completed the Kashmir Shakta Vimarsha. He would also write for Hindi Section of Koshur Samachar. He has written on the Bijaksharas of the Shakti tradition of Kashmir. He was awarded the Central Hindi Directorate Award, under Ministry of Human Resources, for Kashmir Shakta Vimarsha.
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Only fortunate persons will have honour to read this vital n valuable information.
Added By Subhash Razdan
Thanks for publishing this wonderful translation during the Nava-Ratra celebration days.Essentially,KP spiritual tradition is revolving around the Ishta Devis. All these are Siddha Pithas of Kashmir. late JN Siboo has introduced the 'Ishta Devi' concept nicely in a research based manner, which has been translted in English to reach the readers,not proficient with Hindi. KASHMIR SHAKTA-VIMARSHA is a grand legacy of the KP tradition written by the author--a Shakta practitioner.
Added By ABHINAV RAINA
A nice & informative article. our thanks to Dr. C.L. Raina ji for bringing out the work of Late Siboo sahib in to our knowledge. Indeed a great work.
Added By vinod razdan
Shakti is the Eternal power ofShiva. Without Shakti,there would be imbalance in the Three Gunas of Prakriti. Kashmir Shakta provides a thorough view on Para --Prakriti,that is Vimarsha,as explained by Pandit Siboo ji. We thank Dr Raina for his translation Sharma Dammar,research Scholar Religions of India
Added By Sharma Dammar